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A Beetle May Soon Strike Out Baseball's Famous Ash Bats

Aug 3, 2016
Originally published on August 4, 2016 5:00 pm

There's a voracious little bug destroying forests across the eastern U.S. Scientists say emerald ash borers, exotic beetles imported accidentally from Asia, have killed as many as 50 million trees.

They're now threatening groves in New York's Adirondack Mountains that are used to make an iconic kind of baseball bat.

On a sweltering day, at the Rawlings plant in Dolgeville, a humble little sawmill about an hour's drive west of Albany, workers sort chunks of pale white wood veined with brown. About 40 people work here. They've handcrafted baseball bats made from ash wood for more than a century.

The home run in 1951 — the famous "shot heard round the world" — that lifted the New York Giants over the Brooklyn Dodgers in the pennant race was hit with one of these bats. The bats are still a favorite with major leaguers.

Ron Vander Groef, Rawlings' plant manager, flips through his current roster of players, which includes Andrew Romine, Rob Refsnyder and Manny Machado.

He says ash is popular because these bats don't shatter as easily as other woods. A lot of the famed Louisville Slugger bats are also made from ash trees cut in New York and Pennsylvania.

But now an emerald-green invasive bug that looks sort of like a fancy grasshopper is threatening forests from Michigan to New York. The larvae chew layers of healthy bark into pulp.

"If the ash borer is not controlled, it'll wipe out the entire species of white ash," Vander Groef says. "We will not be able to make any more pro bats or retail bats or anything out of white ash because it will be gone."

The Rawlings plant makes about 300,000 bats a year and about 70 percent of those have been made of ash. Vander Groef says the company's supply could be gone — or become unaffordable — within three years.

The Rawlings plant in Dolgeville, N.Y., makes about 300,000 bats a year and employs about 40 people.
Brian Mann / North Country Public Radio

This won't end baseball as we know it. A pretty decent bat can still be made from birch or maple. But scientists say this is kind of a wake-up call for something a lot bigger.

"It's bordering on catastrophic," says Deborah McCullough, a scientist at Michigan State University. She was one of the first entomologists to realize that emerald ash borers had invaded.

Federal and state officials across the country are working to try to quarantine areas affected by emerald ash borers. That means no untreated wood can be moved out of those areas. They're also experimenting with insecticides and with the release of a variety of wasp that targets ash borer larvae.

McCullough is hopeful that some white ash will survive, but in some areas 90 percent of these trees have died. "When you start losing entire species, the effects cascade through the whole ecosystem," she says.

So next time you see a baseball bat shatter in a big game, it may be that ballplayer was forced to swing maple instead of ash. And it won't just be America's pastime that's changed. America's great eastern forests are changing, too.

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STEVE INSKEEP, HOST:

An insect is destroying forests. The emerald ash borer has killed millions of trees in multiple states. And it now threatens groves in New York's Adirondack Mountains, groves that are used to make an iconic brand of baseball bat. Here's North Country Public Radio's Brian Mann.

BRIAN MANN, BYLINE: On a sweltering day, workers sort chunks of pale white wood veined with brown. This is the Rawlings plant in Dodgeville, a humble little saw mill about an hour's drive west of Albany. About 40 people work here. They've handcrafted baseball bats made from ash wood for more than a century.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

UNIDENTIFIED MAN: The Giants win the pennant. The Giants win the pennant.

MANN: The home run in 1951, the famous shot heard around the world that lifted the New York Giants over the Brooklyn Dodgers, it was hit with one of these bats. They're still a favorite with Major Leaguers.

RON VANDER GROEF: Andrew Romine, Rob Refsnyder, Manny Machado.

MANN: Ron Vander Groef, Rawlings plant manager, flips through his current roster of players. He says ash is popular because these bats don't shatter as easily as other woods. A lot of the famed Louisville Slugger bats are also made from ash trees cut in New York and Pennsylvania. But now an emerald green invasive bug that looks sort of like a fancy grasshopper is threatening forests from Michigan to New York.

The larva chew layers of healthy bark into pulp.

GROEF: If the ash borer is not controlled, it'll wipe out the entire species of white ash. We will not be able to make any more pro bats or retail bats or anything out of white ash because it will be gone.

MANN: This won't end baseball as we know it. You can still make a pretty decent bat from birch or maple. But scientists say this is a kind of wakeup call for something a lot bigger.

DEBORAH MCCULLOUGH: It's bordering on catastrophic.

MANN: Deborah McCullough at Michigan State University was one of the first entomologists to realize that emerald ash borers had invaded. She's hopeful that some white ash will survive. But in some areas, 90 percent of these trees have died.

MCCULLOUGH: When you start losing entire species, the effects cascade through the whole ecosystem.

MANN: So next time you see a baseball bat shatter in a big game, it may be that ball player was forced to swing maple instead of ash. And it won't just be America's pastime that's changed. America's great eastern forests are changing too. For NPR News, I'm Brian Mann in New York's Adirondack Mountains. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.