The family of an American citizen believed to have been jailed in Syria two years ago is making his story public for the first time, spurred by President Trump's announcement last month that he will withdraw U.S. troops from the country.
Majd Kamalmaz, a 61-year-old psychotherapist from Arlington, Va., arrived in Damascus on Feb. 15, 2017. He traveled to the Syrian capital for a condolence visit following the death of his father-in-law and to check on elderly relatives, according to his family. They say he was arrested at a checkpoint a day after he arrived.
"He felt safe going in. He's an American citizen. He has nothing to do with politics. Why in the world would anyone try to harm him?" asked his daughter, Maryam Kamalmaz, from her home in Grand Prairie, Texas.
Family members say they have been working closely with the State Department for two years to locate Kamalmaz and secure his release.
In an email to NPR, a State Department spokesperson confirmed the U.S. government "is in regular contact with the family" but gave no further details "due to privacy considerations."
The Czech ambassador in Damascus, Eva Filipi, confirmed that Kamalmaz was held in a Damascus prison soon after his arrest in 2017, according to the family. Filipi has represented U.S. interests in Syria since the U.S. withdrew its ambassador after the outbreak of the civil war.
Filipi named the particular jail where Kamalmaz was being held in Damascus and pledged to work for a speedy release, said Maryam Kamalmaz. But then, the trail went cold. "We did not hear from her again," she said.
The family believes Kamalmaz is still alive and decided to make his case public now, she said, to make an appeal to President Trump as U.S. involvement in Syria winds down.
"I feel that President Trump has put a lot more effort than any other president in releasing detained citizens abroad," said Maryam Kamalmaz. "Hopefully, he can bring our father home safely."
Soon after President Trump took office, he secured the release of an Egyptian American, Aya Hijazi, jailed in Cairo for nearly three years. His administration has also negotiated the return of U.S. citizens held in North Korea, Turkey and China.
The president has portrayed the return of U.S. citizens jailed abroad as his special mission.
"We've had 17 released and we're proud of that record," he said in May 2018, after welcoming home Joshua Holt, who was jailed in Venezuela for nearly two years. "I have to tell you, that was a tough situation," said the president.
But negotiating with Syrian officials may be tougher still.
"The U.S. government has little credibility with the Syrian government and precious little leverage against it," said Robert Ford, the last U.S. ambassador to serve in Syria.
Ford pointed to the cases of other Americans who have been arrested or gone missing in Syria, such as Austin Tice, a freelance reporter contributing to the Washington Post and McClatchy, among other outlets. Tice has been missing since 2012 and is believed held by the regime. The State Department also raised the case of Layla Shweikani, from Chicago, said Ford, "whom the [Syrian government] executed in 2016 on suspicion of links to the opposition," after a trial that lasted less than a minute before the execution order was issued.
Kamalmaz's wife and five children, all U.S. citizens, said their father's case is different. His motives were far from political, they insisted, adding that his passion was international disaster relief. He worked in war-torn Kosovo and in Indonesia following the devastating 2004 tsunami.
In 2012, the Syrian conflict and the swelling number of refugees became his urgent concern. He opened two mental health clinics in Lebanon, and another in Jordan. He taught traumatized refugees a stress management technique known as HeartMath.
"He helped these kids heal from fear and panic attacks, it was a high success rate," said Randa Ali, who worked at the center in Lebanon until it closed after his disappearance. "He had a program set up to help kids, to help women, to help victims of torture and he was planning to start working with the elderly."
"He was a pioneer who addressed the mental health crisis among Syrian refugees," said Dr. Zaher Sahloul, who helped fund the clinics in 2014 and now heads MedGlobal, a U.S.-based nongovernmental organization that sends medical teams to disaster areas.
Kamalmaz knew that traveling to Syria was risky — even with an American passport, said his colleague, Renata Crescenzo, a HeartMath trainer from Jupiter, Fla. She traveled to Lebanon in 2017 to help Kamalmaz set up a program for elderly refugees.
He did not share his plans to cross the border into Syria with his staff, she said, and Crescenzo assumed his extended absence was due to a visit back to Texas to see his family. "When his wife called, we knew something had gone wrong, " she said. Crescenzo has kept a vigil on Facebook and said she plans to continue until he is safely out of Syria.
"He is a very special person," she said. "If he's in a prison, he is sending light to his captors, that's how strong his energy is."
KamalMaz may be one of the last U.S. citizens held in Syria's vast prison complex. His family is publicizing his case at a time when Syria's brutal civil war appears to be winding down. The time could be right for a gesture, said Stephen Rapp, who served as U.S. ambassador-at-large for global criminal justice in the Obama administration.
"This regime hopes to be readmitted to the family of nations," said Rapp, adding that Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates have opened embassies in Damascus and Syrian officials are reaching out to Europe as the overwhelming need for backing to rebuild after eight years of a devastating conflict.
"Assad, in particular, wants the perception that he is someone you can deal with. I think it's certainly worth the effort, encouraging President Trump," said Rapp, adding that there are steps the Syrian government must take to make it possible to end it's pariah status and appeal for international reconstruction aid.
"Having a human being released at this point, would be a positive step."
A previous version of this story said that Majd Kamalmaz traveled to Syria following the death of his father. He traveled there after the death of his father-in-law.