Walter Mondale, a former vice president and U.S. senator, died on Monday in Minneapolis, a family spokesperson told NPR. The Minnesota Democrat was 93 years old.
Mondale, who was known to his friends as Fritz, endured a landslide loss when he challenged incumbent President Ronald Reagan in 1984. But his most lasting mark may be left on the vice presidency, an office with little stature until Mondale redefined it while serving as former President Jimmy Carter's influential No. 2.
Carter said Monday he considered Mondale "the best vice president in our country's history."
He added, "Fritz Mondale provided us all with a model for public service and private behavior."
When former President Barack Obama asked then-Senator Joe Biden to consider the vice presidency, Biden said that Mondale was his "first call and trusted guide."
"He not only took my call, he wrote me a memo," President Biden said in a statement Monday. "It was Walter Mondale who defined the vice presidency as a full partnership, and helped provide a model for my service."
Obama tweeted Mondale changed the vice president's role so that Mondale's successors, like Biden, "could be the last ones in the room when decisions were made."
Vice President Harris praised her predecessor in the office as bringing "the President and the Vice President closer together, re-defining the relationship as a true partnership. Vice President Mondale worked side by side with President Carter as the two endeavored to end the arms race, promote human rights, and establish peace."
She said, "His legacy will live on in all of us."
Mondale was a product of low-key Middle America. He grew up during the Great Depression in a series of small, struggling towns in southern Minnesota's farm country and was the son of a Norwegian American Methodist preacher.
In a 1984 campaign biography, Mondale recalled his high school years, saying he was captain of the football team during his senior year. "It was a matter of pride," he said about the position. "And we played very hard and we had a fair record." He added that his teammates called him Crazy Legs.
He also recalled his parents teaching him he could be whatever he wanted to be as long as he was honest and worked for it. In 1960, at the age of 32, he was elected as Minnesota's attorney general. When his political mentor Hubert Humphrey left the U.S. Senate to serve as Lyndon Johnson's vice president four years later, Mondale was appointed to Humphrey's seat.
"In each position that he had, he did a hell of a good job," Mike Berman, a top aide to Mondale in the Senate, later told NPR.
Berman said Mondale's being chosen to serve there and later in other posts was not just good luck. He said leaders looking to appoint someone to an open position felt Mondale was someone "who they felt ... they could rely on to do well in the position, but more importantly, would do well in the politics of whatever the next election was."
While Mondale may not have been an exciting figure in Washington, friends and political scientists alike described him as "squeaky clean," "decent," "funny" and a "political giant."
"When we look at people who made a mark through public service in the 20th century, Fritz Mondale is gonna be right up there in the hall of fame," Norm Ornstein, a resident scholar with the American Enterprise Institute, a right-leaning conservative think tank, told NPR.
In 1976, former Georgia Gov. Jimmy Carter chose Mondale for his presidential campaign running mate. According to Al Eisele, a Minnesota reporter who covered Mondale's 12 years in the Senate, Mondale brought a dose of socially progressive politics to that ticket and "he was ... one of the leading spokesmen of the liberal wing of the party as a senator."
At that year's Democratic convention, Mondale portrayed joining forces with Carter as ending the Democrats' geographical and political divisions.
"We stand together as a nation, reunited at long last, North and South, Georgia and Minnesota," he said to applause.
But behind the scenes, Mondale was determined not to repeat Hubert Humphrey's unhappy experience as an all-but-ignored vice president. He made it clear to Carter that he had no intention of becoming an extraneous accessory.
Eisele, who became Mondale's press secretary and traveled with him for the two candidates' first meeting at Carter's home in Plains, Ga., told NPR, Mondale didn't want to be a "piece of standby equipment, which vice presidents up to that time had been."
Others, including Washington University's Joel Goldstein, also credit Mondale with transforming the vice presidency.
Goldstein, a scholar of the vice presidency, said Mondale demanded and got full access to both information and the president himself, as well as an office in the West Wing.
"He created a new job definition for the vice presidency of a principal across the board adviser for the president and a troubleshooter for things that had to be handled at the highest level that the president couldn't handle," Goldstein said.
Four years after Reagan thwarted Carter's reelection, Mondale challenged Reagan's bid for another term. First, though, he had to win his party's nomination, and that meant getting past a rising star, Colorado Sen. Gary Hart. At a primary debate, Mondale turned the tables on Hart with a single, memorable line:
"When I hear your new ideas, I'm reminded of that ad, where's the beef?" Mondale said to laughter.
In a speech 20 years later, Mondale said an aide had pressed him to use that line, lifted from an ad for Wendy's hamburgers.
"I had given about 20 serious speeches and nobody, including my wife, remembered a word of them," he joked. "But after that, wherever I went around the country, 'Where's the beef?' " he said people would call out.
But at that year's Democratic convention, after choosing New York Rep. Geraldine Ferraro as the nation's first female running mate on a major party ticket, Mondale delivered a line that caused even some allies to cringe.
"Mr. Reagan will raise taxes, and so will I," he said. "He won't tell you, I just did."
Mondale's candor went unrewarded. He was well behind in the polls when ABC's Peter Jennings opened the first televised debate between the two candidates. A sure-footed Mondale went after Reagan in that debate, and initially it seemed as if the debate could become a game-changer for Mondale.
"You could actually see a chance that if Reagan couldn't pull his act together a little bit better, we might have a real contest on our hands," Ornstein recalled.
But Reagan did pull it together by the second debate, and Reagan unleashed an artful zinger against Mondale, saying, "I will not make age an issue of this campaign. I am not going to exploit for political purposes my opponent's youth and inexperience." The audience laughed.
Reagan went on to trounce Mondale, beating him in 49 states. The only state Mondale carried was Minnesota.
Two decades later, at the Dole Institute of Politics, Mondale ruefully reflected on that race.
"I knew my chances of winning were not very good. That anybody [who] wants to run against Reagan ought to go see his doctor, you know, because he had some kind of touch I can't explain.'
He described going to see Jesse Unruh, who had run against Reagan during his bid for California governor.
Mondale remembered asking, "What do you recommend?"
"He said, 'quit.' "
Berman recalled Mondale's primary objective for the 1984 campaign was to win in Minnesota.
"And we didn't lose Minnesota," Berman noted.
That would come later, after Mondale served three years as President Bill Clinton's ambassador to Japan. It happened unexpectedly in 2002, when Mondale was pressed by his party to run for Paul Wellstone's Senate seat after Wellstone was killed in a plane crash 10 days before the election. Republican challenger Norm Coleman won.
Ornstein later attributed Mondale's loss mainly to a voter backlash caused by political remarks from others at Wellstone's memorial service and said the defeat was a difficult blow for Mondale.
But those who knew Mondale say he seemed to care more about how he'd campaigned than what the final result was.
In a campaign ad from his 1984 presidential bid, Mondale said he'd "rather be the underdog in a campaign about decency than to be ahead in a campaign about self-interest."
Mondale's character was lauded by Republican lawmakers as well after his death. Utah Republican Sen. Mitt Romney called Mondale "a cheerful and good soul who will surely be welcomed by a loving God." And South Carolina Republican Sen. Lindsey Graham said Mondale was "a true public servant who will be missed."
Mondale wrote a political memoir in 2010. He called it, The Good Fight — A Life in Liberal Politics. Words that could serve as his epitaph, as well.
NOEL KING, HOST:
Former vice president and U.S. Senator Walter Mondale died yesterday at 93. He may best be known for his loss to incumbent President Ronald Reagan in 1984. But he also transformed the vice presidency when he served alongside Jimmy Carter. Here's NPR's David Welna.
DAVID WELNA, BYLINE: Those who knew Walter Mondale could readily agree on one thing. The son of a Norwegian American Methodist preacher was not a contender for Mr. Excitement. When they speak of him, they use words like squeaky clean. Norm Ornstein is with the American Enterprise Institute, a right-leaning Washington think tank.
NORM ORNSTEIN: When we look at people who made a mark through public service in the 20th century, Mondale is going to be right up there in the Hall of Fame.
WELNA: In 1960, at the age of 32, he got elected Minnesota's attorney general. When his political mentor, Hubert Humphrey, left the U.S. Senate to serve as Lyndon Johnson's vice president four years later, Mondale got appointed to Humphrey's seat. In 1976, former Georgia Governor Jimmy Carter chose Mondale for his presidential running mate. At that year's Democratic convention, Mondale portrayed joining forces with Carter as ending the Democrat's geographical and political divisions. But Mondale was determined not to repeat Hubert Humphrey's unhappy experience as an all-but-ignored vice president.
JOEL GOLDSTEIN: He really transformed the vice presidency.
WELNA: Joel Goldstein would know. He's a scholar of the vice presidency. Mondale, he says, demanded and got full access to both information and the president himself, as well as an office in the West Wing.
GOLDSTEIN: He created a new job definition for the vice presidency of a principal, across-the-board adviser for the president and a troubleshooter for things that had to be handled at the highest level that the president couldn't handle.
WELNA: Four years after Ronald Reagan thwarted Carter's reelection, Mondale challenged Reagan's bid for another term. First, though, he had to win his party's nomination. And that meant getting past a rising star, Colorado Senator Gary Hart. At a primary debate, Mondale turned the tables on Hart with a single memorable line.
(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)
WALTER MONDALE: When I hear your new ideas, I'm reminded of that ad. Where's the beef?
GARY HART: Yeah.
WELNA: Twenty years later, Mondale said an aide had pressed him to use that line lifted from an ad for Wendy's hamburgers. At that year's Democratic convention, after choosing New York Congresswoman Geraldine Ferraro as the nation's first female running mate, Mondale delivered a line that caused even some allies to cringe.
(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)
MONDALE: Mr. Reagan will raise taxes. And so will I. He won't tell you. I just did.
WELNA: Mondale's candor went unrewarded. Reagan went on to trounce Mondale, beating him in 49 states. The only state Mondale carried was Minnesota. Two decades later at the Dole Institute of Politics, he ruefully reflected on that race.
(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)
MONDALE: I knew my chances of winning were not very good. I went out to see Jesse Unruh, who had run against him once for governor. I said, what do you recommend? He said, quit.
WELNA: Mondale seemed to care more about how he'd campaign than what the final result was. This is from a 1984 presidential campaign ad.
(SOUNDBITE OF POLITICAL AD)
MONDALE: I'd rather be the underdog in a campaign about decency than to be ahead in a campaign only about self-interest.
WELNA: Mondale wrote a political memoir in 2010. He titled it "The Good Fight: A Life In Liberal Politics," words that could serve as his epitaph as well.
David Welna, NPR News.
(SOUNDBITE OF AARON PARKS' "PRAISE") Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.