An estimated 600 pro-democracy protesters are locked in a violent standoff with police at the Hong Kong Polytechnic University campus, according to the student body president. Protesters lost ground when police stormed the school; now some hope to escape, and others are asking supporters to come help.
Police have called on the protesters to surrender, saying they will be arrested for rioting. As clashes intensified, protesters shot arrows and hurled gasoline bombs at the authorities, and police used tear gas and water cannons. Police also warned that officers could begin using live ammunition rather than rubber bullets.
It's the second time the Hong Kong Police Force has stormed a university in the past week, in an apparent attempt to root out protesters from campuses that the police say have been transformed into weapons factories.
"No one should underestimate China's will to safeguard its sovereignty and Hong Kong's stability," Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said in Beijing, according to the BBC.
Protesters set several large fires in an attempt to keep police at bay, including a flyover bridge that connects the school to an adjacent transit station and a nearby footbridge.
From Hong Kong, NPR's Julie McCarthy reports:
"Fierce clashes locked protesters and police in a battle trading gasoline bombs and tear gas. Then came the ultimatum: Police told protesters there was one way out. Put your weapons down and leave or face the consequences. Those who attempted to slip out of the campus were met with volleys of tear gas and arrested. Others managed to escape, but not many.
"During the day, protesters inside issued an appeal tinged with desperation: Where, they asked, were the 2 million people who had marched earlier? Many did respond and converged on the area, only to find the university secured by riot police. Local media report parents of protesters are staging a sit-in, pleading for their children to be allowed to leave unharmed."
Just outside the police cordon around the university, Hong Kong Civic Party leader and legislator Alvin Yeung and other democracy supporters are calling on police not to use excessive force in arresting the demonstrators — some of whom are minors.
"Hong Kong people fear that we are going to repeat another June 4th massacre that might take place in Hong Kong," Yeung tells NPR's David Greene, referring to the date in 1989 when Beijing used brutal violence to put down student-led demonstrations in Tiananmen Square. The Chinese government has said hundreds of people died that day; other estimates have put the number of dead in the thousands.
"We are trying everything we can to avoid it from happening," Yeung says.
Concerns in Hong Kong were heightened when soldiers from China's People's Liberation Army were spotted leaving their barracks — unarmed and wearing civilian clothing — to clean up debris on the streets over the weekend.
The soldiers said they had simply volunteered to clean up the streets. But for many, it was an ominous sign.
Noting the soldiers' public statements, Yeung says, "But this is a clear violation of the Basic Law [governing the territory's relationship with Beijing] and the spirit of one country, two systems.
"If they say they could voluntarily clean up the street," he adds, "tomorrow they could voluntarily do something else. And that is unacceptable."
In roughly 24 hours extending back to Sunday night, police have arrested more than 400 protesters who were trying to leave the university, according to the South China Morning Post. Citing a police spokesperson, the newspaper adds that since demonstrations started in June, 4,491 people have been arrested, with their ages ranging from 11 to 83.
The leaders of Polytechnic University are pleading for an end to the violence. Saying their campus "has been occupied by activists and has been severely and extensively vandalized over the past few days," the leaders said in a statement Sunday that protesters have damaged "a number of laboratories on campus with the dangerous chemicals inside being taken away."
"Once again, we plead with all people on campus, including students and staff members, to leave immediately," the school's leaders say.
In another new development, Hong Kong's supreme court has overturned the government's recent ban on protesters wearing face masks. Thousands of demonstrators have been ignoring that ban, which was imposed in early October using emergency powers that date to the Chinese territory's British colonial era.
The protests began as a response to Chief Executive Carrie Lam's proposal to enact a law allowing people in Hong Kong to be extradited to mainland China. That idea was later retracted, but demonstrators are demanding more control over choosing Hong Kong's leaders. They also want an investigation into police officers' use of violent force during the months of protests.
Commenting on the situation Monday, former U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. Nikki Haley said in a tweet, "The tragedy of Hong Kong shows the world what the Chinese communist government is really all about. They fear freedom and will do anything to stop it."