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NEA Heritage Fellow Suni Paz Sings For Children And The Have-Nots

Nov 25, 2020

When she moved to the U.S. from Argentina in 1967, Elsa Calandrelli gave herself a stage name in Quechua, the indigenous language of the Andes: Suni Paz, which means "lasting peace." That's because, she says, lasting peace is what she wants for the world. The 85-year-old singer and songwriter has dedicated herself to singing for and about indigenous and working-class people, and children of all backgrounds.

For half a century, Paz has performed socially conscious music and traditional children's songs in Spanish. She's been an unsung hero of the folk music world — until now. The National Endowment for the Arts has named her one of this year's Heritage Fellows, the most prestigious award for folk and traditional artists.

"She has been very influential in terms of bringing the experiences of the most marginalized people in much of the world," says Cliff Murphy, the NEA's Director of Folk and Traditional Arts.

That's not the world Paz was born into. In Buenos Aires, she spent her childhood in a highly educated, creative Argentine family with Italian and Catalan roots.

"My aunt was a poet in France," she recalls. "There were musicians, artists, painters." She says her parents would make her and her brother and sister listen to recordings of operas every Sunday. The family swapped poems and tales at the dinner table. "I had so many extraordinary stories that I wrote a book of my childhood."

She sang in choirs and learned to play guitar at the local peñas, folk music centers. By 14, she was writing and singing boleros. Her life took a 180 when she got married and moved to a farm in rural Argentina to raise angora rabbits. "Ugh, it's extreme," she says of those years. "I was plowing the Earth with my husband because otherwise, we couldn't eat!"

It was there, and in Chile, that Paz learned about the struggles of workers and impoverished children. She saw farmers and miners, peasants "that had to cross the entire Andes carrying an enormous amount of weight on their backs." Children sometimes froze in the snow. "They were showing me a world that I didn't know," she says. "I began writing nonstop about them because I thought it was very, very, very important."

In Chile, she gave free concerts, singing about poverty and inequality. On television, she lectured about Argentina's folk poet Atahualpa Yupanqui. By then, she was a single mother with two sons, making a living at an ad agency writing copy and jingles.

Then, in 1967, Paz emigrated to work in the Latin American Studies program at the University of California, Riverside. She began performing in folk festivals, singing about empowered women, political prisoners, the have-nots. She called her style "música de consciencia" — music with a conscience.

"She never thought of her music as protest music. She thought of music as something much deeper, much broader, much more profound," says Daniel Sheehy, the director of Smithsonian Folkways Recordings, which has released most of Paz's albums. He says she became associated with a new style of music from Latin America, and puts her in the same category as the great South American singers Violeta Parra and Mercedes Sosa.

"She came along and did her thing before the term nuevo canción became a genre of music," says Sheehy. "In a way, she's a precursor of the Latin feminist movement as well. She's a pioneer in Spanish-language children's music. She does it all."

During the Chicano movement, for example, she sang for Luis Valdez's Teatro Campesino and César Chávez's United Farm Workers union. Hugo Morales, another 2020 NEA heritage fellow, says Paz was also key to the bilingual radio network founded in 1980, Radio Bilingüe. "She is just an incredible contribution to our audience, which is primarily, you know, essential workers, Latinos in the United States."

Most significantly, Paz spent decades working with students in public schools, mostly in New York and California. She remembers working with primarily indigenous Black and Latino children whose cultures had been neglected by the school system. Paz made sure to talk with the students about ancient cultures, and she urged them to be proud of their heritage. "The kids received me like I was water in a dry campo," she says — "you know, in dry land."

Former elementary school principal Silvina Rubinstein invited Paz to develop literacy through music programs at two Los Angeles public schools.

"When she's with children, it is really like magic," says Rubinstein. "Suni was able to reach children who had very limited ability to communicate, children who had attention deficit disorders, many difficulties at home. But when Suni was there, children were engaged, they were singing with her in their own language, integrating songs that incorporated a few words in other languages as well."

After so many years of creating, recording and performing music, often with her sons Juan and Ramiro Fauve, Paz says the NEA award still caught her by surprise. "I didn't do it expecting honors of any kind," she says from her home outside Las Vegas. "So this came out like a shower of roses, you know?"

The ceremony honoring this year's Heritage Fellows was postponed due to the coronavirus pandemic, but Paz says she'll forever treasure the honor.

Copyright 2020 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.

MARY LOUISE KELLY, HOST:

Singer and songwriter Suni Paz is an unsung hero of the folk music world. For half a century, she's performed socially conscious music and traditional children's songs in Spanish. This year, the National Endowment for the Arts named her one of its Heritage Fellows. That's the most prestigious award for folk and traditional artists. NPR's Mandalit del Barco shares her story.

(SOUNDBITE OF SUNI PAZ SONG, "QUENA (INDIAN FLUTE)")

MANDALIT DEL BARCO, BYLINE: After moving from Argentina to the U.S. in 1967, Elsa Calandrelli gave herself a stage name in Quechua, the Indigenous language of the Andes.

SUNI PAZ: I chose my Quechua name - Suni Paz, meaning lasting peace, because that's what I want.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG, "QUENA (INDIAN FLUTE)")

PAZ: (Singing in Spanish).

DEL BARCO: The 85-year-old is dedicated to singing for and about Indigenous and working-class people and children of all backgrounds.

DANIEL SHEEHY: She never thought of her music as protest music. She thought of her music as something much deeper, much broader, much more profound.

DEL BARCO: Daniel Sheehy is the director of Smithsonian Folkways Recordings, which has released most of Paz's albums. He says she became associated with a new style of music from Latin America, and he puts her in the same category as the great South American singers Violeta Parra and Mercedes Sosa.

SHEEHY: She came along and did her thing before the term nuevo cancion became a genre of music. In a way, she's a precursor of the Latin feminist movement as well. She's a pioneer in Spanish-language children's music. She does it all.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG, "LA RANA (THE FROG)")

PAZ: (Singing in Spanish).

DEL BARCO: Suni Paz spent her childhood in a highly educated, creative Argentine family with Italian and Catalan roots.

PAZ: My aunt was a poet in France. They were artists. They were painters. I had so many stories, extraordinary stories that I wrote a book of my childhood in Argentina.

DEL BARCO: She learned to play guitar at the local penas, folk music centers. And by 14, she was writing and singing boleros, which she later recorded.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG, "TIERRA QUERIDA - BELOVED HOMELAND (ZAMBA)")

PAZ: (Singing in Spanish).

DEL BARCO: Her life took a 180 when she got married and moved to a farm in rural Argentina to raise angora rabbits.

PAZ: Oh, it's extreme. I was plowing the earth with my husband because otherwise, we couldn't eat.

DEL BARCO: It was there and in Chile that Paz learned about the struggles of workers and impoverished children.

PAZ: Farmers and miners and person that has to cross the entire Andes carrying enormous amount of weight on their backs - I mean, the children that froze sometime in the snow.

DEL BARCO: Paz calls her style musica de consciencia - music with a conscience. She sings about empowered women, political prisoners, the have-nots. By 1967, she was a single mother with two sons and immigrated to work in the Latin American Studies department at the University of California, Riverside. During the Chicano movement, she sang for Luis Valdez's Teatro Campesino and Cesar Chavez's United Farm Workers union.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG, "LA BAMBA CHICANA")

PAZ: (Singing in Spanish).

DEL BARCO: Hugo Morales, another NEA Heritage Fellow this year, says Suni Paz has been key for the bilingual radio network he founded in 1980, Radio Bilingue.

HUGO MORALES: She is just an incredible contribution to our audience, which is primarily, you know, essential workers, Latinos in the United States.

DEL BARCO: That's part of the reason the NEA named her a Heritage Fellow, says Cliff Murphy, the agency's director of folk and traditional arts.

CLIFF MURPHY: She has been very influential in terms of bringing the experiences of the most marginalized people in much of the world.

DEL BARCO: And especially children - she spent decades working with students in public schools.

PAZ: There were Indigenous children, Black children - (speaking Spanish) - Latino children. And I could see that they were very shy and kept on the side, and I didn't like that. And the kids received me like I was water in a dry campo (ph), you know, in a dry land.

SILVINA RUBINSTEIN: When she's with children, it is really like magic.

DEL BARCO: Silvina Rubinstein is the former principal of two elementary schools in Los Angeles. She invited Paz to develop literacy through music programs.

RUBINSTEIN: Suni was able to reach children who had very limited ability to communicate, children who had attention deficit disorders. But when Suni was there, children were engaged. They were singing with her in their own language, integrating songs that incorporated a few words in other languages as well.

DEL BARCO: After so many years of creating, recording and performing music, often with her two sons, Suni Paz says the NEA award still caught her by surprise.

PAZ: I didn't do it expecting honors of any kind, so this came out like a shower of roses, you know?

DEL BARCO: The ceremony honoring this year's Heritage Fellows was postponed by the pandemic, but Suni Paz says she'll forever treasure the honor.

Mandalit del Barco, NPR News.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG, "RESFALOSA DE MI ESCUELA (DANCE OF MY SCHOOL)") Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.