The state will pay a fifth of the 276 thousand claims for non-traditional unemployment assistance it was holding back as part of a fraud investigation.
Those holds were to stop the state from losing billions of dollars in what officials say is an organized scam that's hit several other states. Ohio Public Radio's Karen Kasler reports.
Danielle Naab of northeast Ohio lost her job as a part-time independent contractor in March. Like all those who didn’t qualify for traditional unemployment, she had to wait till May for the state to build the system that would allow them to be paid federally funded pandemic unemployment assistance or PUA. She was filing her weekly claim on July 15 and saw something odd.
“It said I had two pending fraud alerts. So at that point, I started to really - you know, like what is this? Fraud? So the next day, Monday, I called them and I probably waited a good two hours on hold that day before I even got a person. And from that point forward, it has just been chaos.”
Brendan Joyce was working in a restaurant in the Cleveland area when it was ordered shut down in March. He also had to wait for the state to build the PUA system and had been getting paid since May, but had a similar experience when he signed on to file his weekly claim on July 15.
“There were two big red, all caps issues that said fraud. So when I went to click on the case number next to it, which is how you access information systems, there is no information there. And so probably everyone else who was dealing with this, I freaked out.”
Naab and Joyce were among those whose claims were frozen by the state because of concerns over fraud that had hit unemployment agencies in other states.
Kim Hall directs the Ohio Department of Job and Family Services. She said last month that this wasn’t a hack or a breach of the data in the system – it was simply an organized attempt at fraud by scammers using fake names, social security numbers or other information to take advantage of the new PUA system.
“It’s a tough situation that states are in on top of dealing with the volume that we already have in our unemployment space. Sifting through who’s genuine and not is certainly a challenge.”
ODJFS says 276,000 claims were flagged based on information from other states and the federal government. The state considered 59,000 of those claims fraudulent from the start. Hall says another 155,000 of those claims that have valid, unduplicated email addresses are being asked to take extra steps to prove they’re real.
“We have issued fact finding notices for all of them this week, requiring them to answer six questions and provide additional documentation so we can verify their identity.”
It’s estimated those frozen accounts added up to about $200 billion in weekly benefits.
Danielle Naab says the state wanted a lot from her to prove she was a real person – and it took her two hours to upload it all from her phone.
“They're asking you to recertify basically with everything that you've said in the beginning. But they also want probably 15 pieces of documentation - I think they wanted a form of picture I.D., a Social Security card, a birth certificate. They want your taxes in the last two years. They want, I can't remember any of these documents. But there I think it said 15 when I finally sent in all of my information.”
Naab’s claim was among those recently released and she’s getting paid - but she says her food stamp benefits for her and her son were also held during the investigation. Naab says it’s the second major issue she’s had this year – she was among around two dozen people whose data was exposed for about an hour not long after the PUA system was launched. There’s a lawsuit that’s been filed against Deloitte, which built the state’s system, over that leak.
The holds were placed on accounts that paid to Metabank, which operates Green Dot and GoBank; Bancorp, which operates Chime, and the Cash App mobile payment service, among others. These are accounts often used by people who are reestablishing credit or need money quickly.
Brendan Joyce’s claim was released too and he’s getting paid. But he’s frustrated and angry at what he and others have gone through.
“This is profoundly cruel. This is a giant act of state violence. At the same time, they haven't stopped evictions. They haven't canceled rent. They haven't made any of these systems easier.”
And Joyce says he feels the solution for many is to go back to work and risk getting sick, and for restaurant workers like him, the demand isn’t there. ODJFS says it’s paid $4.9 billion in PUA to more than 503,000 people – some of whom got PUA because they went through the process of applying for regular unemployment and were denied.