Number Of Ohioans In Labor Force Hits 36 Year Low
The number of Ohioans in the labor force this year is at its lowest level since October 1978. Two economic experts see that number and others in different ways. Ohio Public Radio's Karen Kasler reports.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports just 59% of Americans 16 and over have declared that they are part of the labor force in Ohio, that figure is just under 63%. Thats not the only thing that has the progressives at Policy Matters Ohio worried. Amy Hanauer says the groups annual Labor Day report also shows the state lost more than 2.3% of its jobs since 2005, while the country added 3.8% in that same period.
It is nowhere near what you should see in an economic recovery. It is nowhere near what weve seen in past recoveries. And we have not caught up to where we were before the start of this recession in fact, we havent even caught up to where we were before the previous recession.
On the other side of the political aisle, the conservative Buckeye Institute has also noted that 34 year record low labor participation number. Policy analyst Greg Lawson says Ohio is 47th in the nation for private sector since the beginning of 1990, and that more people dropped out of labor force this spring than in any other period since the recession.
We have done worse than the nation even in the good times so even when were growing jobs, were always below the national average. And then when times go bad, we really bottom out relative to the rest of the nation. So this is a real systemic problem that Ohio has.
Hanauer and Lawson are also concerned about other numbers. Hanauer says theres what she calls staggering inequality between the incomes of the top 1% and everyone else, and that most jobs in Ohio dont pay a livable wage.
Eleven of the 12 most common occupations in Ohio do not pay enough to get a family of three above 150% of the federal poverty level.
Lawson notes that college enrollment rates are up, but are lower than the rest of the nation, and that Ohios disability rate is at an all-time high, above 5%, which means 93,000 more people are on disability in Ohio.
Those folks are far less likely, statistically speaking, to get back into the labor force.
But Hanauer and Lawson disagree strongly on what should be done to improve these numbers. The Buckeye Institute suggests policymakers enact what it calls free market reforms such as lower taxes. Hanauer disagrees.
Thats the prescription that weve been following in Ohio, and the states that go with that approach lower taxes, lower wages, more deference to the private sector, no regulation what happens is that working people suffer, and then the economy as a whole suffers.
Policy Matters suggests more investment in public education from pre-k to college. Lawson disagrees.
They call it investment but what it really is is just spending more money. And weve had a history of spending more money in this state for years. Taxing and spending all the time is not an answer because, quite frankly, the states been doing that all along and the proof thats is in the pudding is that weve trailed the nation for years.
Lawson also suggests passing so-called right to work legislation. And Hanauer also backs more investment in transit and renewable energy, including repealing the law requiring a two-year freeze on Ohios clean energy standards.