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For One City Manager, Climate Becomes A Matter Of Conscience

Dec 19, 2018
Originally published on December 19, 2018 3:23 pm

Steven Falk still remembers the moment he first laid eyes on Lafayette, Calif., even though it was 28 years ago. He was driving there to interview for a job as an assistant to the city manager.

"I saw this amazing landscape of emerald-green hills and native oak woodland, with neighborhoods sitting in and among these verdant valleys," he says. "I loved it from the very first minute I got here."

The 25,000 people of Lafayette live close to nature, yet they can step onto a commuter train and be in downtown San Francisco in half an hour. "It seemed like I had reached some kind of paradise," Falk says.

The median home in Lafayette is worth over a million dollars. The people are educated and environmentally aware. They voted 3-to-1 for Hillary Clinton in 2016.

For the past 22 years, Falk has been their city manager, more or less the CEO of local government, responsible for everything from police to potholes.

Then, in 2005, he read Elizabeth Kolbert's three-part series of articles in The New Yorker about global warming. "They scared the daylights out of me," he says.

He started noticing evidence of climate change himself. For instance, he remembers sliding down glaciers in the Sierra Nevada mountains as a 9-year-old kid, backpacking with his dad. "When I became a parent, I took my own kids to the mountains, and we did the same trip. And the glaciers are gone!" he says.

The more he learned, the more it kept him up at night. "The analogy I've used is, the house is on fire, and our children and grandchildren are trapped in the attic. So what are we going to do about it?" he says.

As a city manager, there are, in fact, some things you can do. But they may be controversial. Falk ended up in the middle of a battle over what gets built on some land right near the heart of his city.

Falk takes me to a big parking lot covering about 5 acres right beside the Bay Area Rapid Transit station. This is where commuters take the trains to Oakland and San Francisco. This area is also close to shopping. One way to fight global warming: Build lots of housing right here, where people can live without driving cars and burning gasoline. Plus, multistory apartment buildings or condos generally take a lot less energy to heat and cool than single-family suburban homes.

"It just makes all the sense in the world that this parcel should have a multifamily housing development on it," Falk says.

But development is a really sensitive topic in Lafayette. There's a whole citizens group called Save Lafayette that's been fighting against plans for more high-density housing. As Lafayette resident Martin Stryker told the city council at a meeting in June: "People have chosen to live in Lafayette for the quality of life, away from the city. ... I encourage city leaders and staff to sharpen your vision and to be stronger in protecting the interests of our citizens despite the pressures from the state and outside interests like developers."

The city has actually approved hundreds of new housing units in the central downtown area in recent years. Falk is proud of that. But he wanted to move faster.

Tensions came to a head this past summer over a new California law that lets BART go ahead and build housing on land that it owns near its stations, like that parking lot.

Falk liked the idea. Lafayette's city council members, though, considered it a power grab by the state. They asked Falk to go to the state Capitol and take a public stand against it.

"I drove to Sacramento, not feeling good about it," Falk recalls. "I went into the Senate hearing room. I saw this line of speakers, and realized that I had to get up and speak against the bill. And that ..."

Falk's voice breaks. After a long pause, he goes on: "And that was the moment I knew I had to resign."

In his resignation letter to the city council, Falk wrote that "it has become increasingly difficult for me to support, advocate for, or implement policies that would thwart transit density. My conscience won't allow it."

The city made the letter public. Don Tatzin, who served on the Lafayette city council for 33 years and just stepped down as the city's mayor, expressed some sympathy for Falk's views. "I think it's good to hear voices that say cities need to become denser. Over time, that becomes accepted," he says.

But local communities, he says, need to be in control of that process. "Having a regional or state government impose that, on something that citizens consider of importance, runs the risk of significant backlash, and I'm not sure it's wise."

Tuesday was Steven Falk's last day on the job. At his final city council meeting, Tatzin and others gave speeches celebrating his accomplishments. No one mentioned climate change.

Copyright 2018 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.

DAVID GREENE, HOST:

City planners can play a role in the effort to slow down climate change. How? Well, for one thing, they can create neighborhoods and transit systems that let people live without cars. For one city manager here in California, though, this mission led to a conflict with his voters and also a personal crossroads. NPR's Dan Charles has this story.

DAN CHARLES, BYLINE: Steven Falk laid eyes on the city of Lafayette for the first time 28 years ago, driving there to interview for a job as an assistant to the city manager.

STEVEN FALK: I loved it from the very first minute I got here.

CHARLES: He saw emerald-green hills with neighborhoods filling the valleys in between. You're close to nature in Lafayette, but there's also a commuter train that puts you in San Francisco in half an hour.

FALK: It seemed like I had reached some kind of paradise.

CHARLES: The people in Lafayette are mostly wealthy, educated, environmentalists. They voted 3-1 for Hillary Clinton. And Steven Falk became their city manager, the town's CEO. He looks the part - dark suit, red tie, managed everything from police to potholes. Then in 2005, he read a series of articles by Elizabeth Kolbert in The New Yorker about global warming.

FALK: And they scared the daylights out of me.

CHARLES: He started noticing evidence of climate change himself. He remembers sliding down glaciers in the Sierra Nevada Mountains as a 9-year-old kid backpacking with his dad.

FALK: When I became a parent, I began taking my own kids to the mountains, and we did the same trip. And the glaciers are gone.

CHARLES: The more he learned, the more it kept him up at night, this growing threat.

FALK: The analogy I've used is, I say, the house is on fire and our children and our grandchildren are trapped in the attic. And so what are we going to do about it?

CHARLES: Now, there are things a city manager can do about it, but they can be controversial. Steven Falk ended up in the middle of a battle over what gets built on some land right near the heart of his city.

FALK: Well, I brought you to this place in particular because what we're looking at here is a surface parking lot that sits immediately adjacent to the Lafayette BART station.

CHARLES: BART is Bay Area Rapid Transit, that train to San Francisco. This is also close to shopping. So here is one way to fight global warming - build lots of housing right here where people can live without driving cars and burning gasoline.

FALK: It just makes all the sense in the world that this parcel should have a multi-family housing development on it.

CHARLES: But development is a really sensitive topic in Lafayette. There's a whole citizens group, called, Save Lafayette, that's been fighting it. Here's one resident of the city, Martin Stryker, at a city council meeting last June.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

MARTIN STRYKER: People have chosen to live in Lafayette for the quality of life here away from the city. Don't destroy our rural communities.

CHARLES: Now, Lafayette has approved hundreds of new housing units in the central downtown area in recent years, but Falk wanted to move faster. Tensions came to a head this past summer over a new California law that lets BART go ahead and build housing on land that it owns near its stations, like that parking lot. Falk liked the idea. Lafayette City Council members, though, considered it a power grab by the state. They asked Falk to go to the state capitol and take a public stand against it.

FALK: I drove to Sacramento not feeling good about it, and I went into the Senate hearing room. And I saw this line of speakers, and I realized that I had to get up and speak against this bill. And that was the moment I knew I had to resign.

CHARLES: Which he did. Yesterday was Steven Falk's last day on the job. At his final city council meeting, there were speeches celebrating his accomplishments. Nobody mentioned climate change. Dan Charles, NPR News. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.